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Method for synthesizing ceramide-type compounds
The invention relates to the fields of fatty substance chemistry, specifically of the ceramide-type compound synthesis. The invention resides substantially in...
Methods of analysis of alternative splicing in mouse
The invention provides nucleic acid sequences which are complementary, in one embodiment, to a wide variety of mouse genes. The invention provides the sequences...
Small scale wires with microelectromechanical devices
A process cycles between etching and passivating chemistries to create rough sidewalls that are converted into small structures. In one embodiment, a mask is...
Apparatus and method for analysing downhole water chemistry
The invention concerns an apparatus for analysing water chemistry. According to the invention, the apparatus is adapted to operate downhole and comprises a...
Automated clinical analyzer reagent formulation
This invention significantly reduces the frequency of hydraulic failure in the analytical line of a capsule chemistry sample liquid analysis system which can...
Electroplating chemistries and methods of forming interconnections
A method comprising forming an interconnection opening through a dielectric material to a contact point; and electroplating a interconnection comprising copper...
A field test-kit for analyzing arsenic concentration in water samples is provided. The kit includes a portable infrared beam photometer for measuring light...
Capture and release based isotope tagged peptides and methods for using
The invention provides non-affinity based isotope tagged peptides, chemistries for making these peptides, and methods for using these peptides. In one aspect,...
Sequencing of surface immobilized polymers utilizing microflourescence
Means for simultaneous parallel sequence analysis of a large number of biological polymer macromolecules. Apparatus and methods may use fluorescent labels in...
Electrophoresis apparatus having staggered passage configuration
An electrophoresis apparatus is generally disclosed for sequentially analyzing a single sample or multiple samples having one or more analytes in high or low...
Input/Loss Method using the genetics of fossil fuels for determining fuel
chemistry, calorific value and...
This invention relates to any fossil fueled thermal system, and especially relates to large commercial steam generators used in power plants, and, more...
Methods of genetic analysis of E. coli
The invention provides nucleic acid sequences which are complementary, in one embodiment, to a wide variety of E. coli genes. The invention provides the...
Accessible assay and method of use
An assay test strip and cassette. The test strip is positioned in a housing shaped and configured to allow a detector to access the test strip from the side,...
System of components for preparing oligonucleotides
Interative, preferably computer based iterative processes for generating synthetic compounds with desired physical, chemical and/or bioactive properties, i.e.,...
Fine-grained metallic coatings having the coefficient of thermal expansion
matched to the one of the substrate
Fine-grained (average grain size 1 nm to 1,000 nm) metallic coatings optionally containing solid particulates dispersed therein are disclosed. The fine-grained...
Chemistry container for a reprocessor for decontaminating medical, dental
and veterinary instruments
In-situ strip process for polysilicon etching in deep sub-micron
A new method of patterning the polysilicon layer in the manufacture of an integrated circuit device has been achieved. A polysilicon layer is provided overlying...
Wireless swimming pool water level system
A wireless (e.g., radio) system and method for automatic water level maintenance of, e.g., a swimming pool utilizing capacitive liquid level sensing. A reference...
Metal ion concentration analysis for liquids
An apparatus utilizes miniaturized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and ion-selective self-assembled monolayer (SAM) and hydrogel chemistry to measure metal ion...
Green and orange fluorescent labels and their uses
The present invention provides novel fluorescent compounds and covalent attachment chemistries which facilitate the use of these compounds as labels for...
Quantitative dosing of small amounts of liquids
The invention relates to quantitative dosing of small amounts of liquids having a volume of microliter or nanoliter order. Such a dosing technique is useful for...
Addressable oligonucleotide array of the rat genome
The invention provides nucleic acid sequences which are complementary, in one embodiment, to a wide variety of Rat genes. The invention provides the sequences in...
Stationary phase deposition based on onium salts
Onium salt chemistry can be used to deposit very uniform thickness stationary phases on the wall of a gas chromatography column. In particular, the stationary...
Templated monolayer polymerization and replication
A self-replicating monolayer system employing polymerization of monomers or nanoparticle ensembles on a defined template provides a method for synthesis of...
Hand-held spraying apparatus having a multi-compartment liquid-holding
A liquid reservoir of a hand-held, air-assisted spray apparatus is characterized by a plurality (i.e., two or more) of liquid-holding compartments. Each...
Methods and apparatus for improved fluid control utilizing a U-valve
employing a bidirectional check valve
A U-valve apparatus including a bidirectional check valve for controlling the flow of liquid from a vessel while preventing inadvertent discharge from the...
Magnetic bead manipulation and transport device
A device for transporting magnetic or magnetizable microbeads (25) in a capillary chamber (14) comprises a permanent magnet (10) or an electromagnet (11) for...
Multi-channel bio-separation cartridge
A bio-separation system using an efficient, compact, portable, interchangeable, reusable, recyclable, multi-channel cartridge, has integrated pre-aligned optics...
Nonselective unpatterned etchback to expose buried patterned features
A method for etching to form a planarized surface is disclosed. Spaced-apart features are formed of a first material, the first material either conductive or...
High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions
Method for determining deposit formation tendencies for a plurality of fluid samples of different compositions is provided. Each sample includes one or more...
Method for preparing resin particles, resin particles and apparatus for
preparing resin particles
The present provides a method for preparing resin fine particles of a homogeneous particle size used in the fields of chemistry, medicine, electronic material or...
Photo-caged fluorescent molecules
A class of photo-caged and cell permeable fluorescent molecules having high uncaging cross sections, robust fluorescence enhancement, and flexible chemistry for...
Process for making polymers comprising derivatized carbon nanotubes and
The present invention incorporates new processes for blending derivatized carbon nanotubes into polymer matrices to create new polymer/composite materials. When...
Ink jet recording paper
A thermal ink jet recording paper, incorporating dewatered and milled precipitated calcium carbonate ("PCC") is disclosed. Precipitated calcium carbonate is...
Via etch process
Systems and techniques relating to etching vias in integrated circuit devices, in one implementation, include: providing a dielectric material and a conductive...
Nanosensors based on functionalized nanoparticles and surface enhanced
Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) is a vibrational spectroscopic technique that utilizes metal surfaces to provide enhanced signals of several orders of...
Method for preparing ester condensate
The present invention provides a method for preparing ester or thioester that can conduct catalytic esterification reaction with an equimolar amount of...
Electronic systems and component devices for macroscopic and microscopic
molecular biological reaction,...
This invention pertains to the design, fabrication, and uses of an electronic system which can actively carry out and control multi-step and multiplex reactions...
Reactive functional groups for preparation of modified nucleic acid
The present invention relates to compositions and methods for the preparation of modified nucleic acids. In particular, the present invention provides novel...
Acidic chemistry for Post-CMP cleaning using a composition comprising
This disclosure discusses cleaning of semiconductor wafers after the Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (CMP) of the wafer during the manufacturing of...
Method for plasma stripping using periodic modulation of gas chemistry and
A method for etching a feature in a low-k dielectric layer through a photoresist etch mask over a substrate. A gas-modulated cyclic stripping process is...
Method of fabricating a wire bond pad with Ni/Au metallization
A method for sealing an exposed surface of a wire bond pad with a material that is capable of preventing a possible chemical attack during electroless deposition...
Method and apparatus for desorption and ionization of analytes
This invention relates generally to methods and apparatus for desorption and ionization of analytes for the purpose of subsequent scientific analysis by such...
Non-toxic corrosion-protection conversion coats based on cobalt
Conversion coatings based on cobalt are described for substrate metals such as aluminum, zinc, magnesium, titanium, cadmium, silver, copper, tin, lead, cobalt,...
Synthetic substrate for high specificity enzymatic assays
Novel synthetic enzyme substrates, enhanced to have improved enzymatic specificity, are disclosed. These synthetic enzyme substrates consist of a substrate...
Method and system for treating a substrate with a high pressure fluid
using fluorosilicic acid
A method and system is described for treating a substrate with a high pressure fluid, such as carbon dioxide in a supercritical state. A process chemistry is...
Method of making magnetic fluid
The present approach pertains to colloidal chemistry and methods of manufacturing magnetic fluid such as ferrofluid. In particular, the present approach is...
Method for resist strip in presence of regular low k and/or porous low k
A two-step process is disclosed for stripping photoresist material from a substrate, wherein the substrate includes a low k dielectric material underlying the...
Process for simultaneously evaluating a plurality of catalysts
A process for simultaneously testing a plurality of catalysts using combinatorial chemistry has been developed. The process involves containing the plurality of...
Dynamic random access memory circuitry and integrated circuitry
A method of forming a conductive contact to a conductive structure includes forming a conductive structure received within and projecting outwardly from a first...