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External shutter for electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Novel methods and apparatuses for mass spectrometry are disclosed wherein a time slice of ions are selectively accumulated in an ion reservoir of a mass...
Method for improved plasma etching control
A method for plasma etching is disclosed with improved etching selectivity for a nitride containing DARC and a low-k dielectric layer. Plasma chemistry is...
Method and system for automated immunochemistry analysis
A method and system for automated immunochemistry or chemistry analysis are provided. The method and system provide a sample aliquoting section, a reagent...
Antimicrobial treatment for swimwear
An absorbent swimwear garment having an antimicrobial agent based on hydantoin chemistry for the purpose of eliminating or reducing the level of bacteria in swim...
Transition metal complexes as linkers
The invention relates to new traceless linkers which use transition metal complexes to link a .pi.-orbital containing substrate for subsequent synthesis by, for...
Methods of genetic analysis using nucleic acid arrays
The invention provides nucleic acid sequences which are complementary, in one embodiment, to a wide variety of murine genes. The invention provides the sequences...
Nanoscopic hair care products
The present invention is directed to a hair treatment preparation comprising a payload in an intimate relationship to a polymeric nanostructure, the polymeric...
High density immobilization of nucleic acids
Processes and kits for immobilizing a high density of nucleic acids on an insoluble surface, which are particularly useful for mass spectrometric detection of...
Autoclave control mechanisms for pressure oxidation of molybdenite
The process chemistry during the oxidation of molybdenite concentrates in an oxygen pressure leach can be controlled by regulating the amount of ferric iron and...
Devices for testing for the presence and/or concentration of an analyte in
a body fluid
Devices and methods for utilizing dry chemistry dye indicator systems for body fluid analysis such as glucose level in whole blood are provided by incorporating...
Water purification pack
An apparatus and methods are disclosed for purifying fluid, such as potable water, to quality levels suitable for medical application, particularly to ...
System and process for microfluidics-based automated chemistry
A system for carrying out reactions that includes a small volume rotary selector valve having a plurality of peripheral ports and a small volume rotary switching...
Esters of cyclic ADP ribose derivatives
The present invention is directed to the field of organic chemistry in general and specifically to the preparation of hydrophobic derivatives of cyclic ADP...
A microelectrode system suitable for use in preparative and analytical chemistry having a laminated structure with one or more apertures. In one embodiment a...
Method for adding solid zinc-aluminum to galvanizing baths
The process of the present invention is directed to a method for making zinc or zinc-aluminum alloy additions to galvanizing baths. The process involves addition...
Method to synchronize data when used for input/loss performance monitoring
of a power plant
The operation of a fossil-fired thermal system is quantified by recognizing and correcting data collections which must be synchronized to improve the accuracy of...
Simple method for labeled conjugate production
The present invention relates to methods for coupling labels to particular target moieties. The coupling reactions of the present invention use temporal spacing...
Chemistry for liner removal in a dual damascene process
An improved and new process for fabricating dual damascene copper, in which trench/via liner removal from porous low-k dielectric, is performed using a new RIE...
Methodologies to reduce process sensitivity to the chamber condition
A method and apparatus for reducing the sensitivity of semiconductor processing to chamber conditions is provided. Process repeatability of common processes are...
CMP in-situ conditioning with pad and retaining ring clean
A method for preconditioning a CMP polishing pad and retaining ring prior to semiconductor wafer polishing. In the method of the present invention, the retaining...
Method of plasma etching of high-K dielectric materials with high
selectivity to underlying layers
A method of etching high dielectric constant materials using halogen gas and reducing gas chemistry. An embodiment of the method is accomplished using a 20 to...
Use of microchannel reactors in combinatorial chemistry
Methods for discovering optimum catalysts and/or reaction conditions for performing endo-or exothermic reactions, in particular gas-to-liquid reactions, are...
Long-term feed for aquatic animals
The present invention provides a long-term feed for aquatic animals, especially for fish, shrimp and invertebrates, which feed is stable for a long time, is...
Electrostatic treatment of aerosols, devices and method for producing same
The invention concerns a volume generator (1) of chaotic electrostatic field (E), locally amplified, to subject a fluid (U) loaded with aerosol parties (P, p) to...
Multilayered CMP stop for flat planarization
A three layer film (116/114/112), such as nitride/oxide/nitride for a CMP stop layer (110). A gap filling material (120) is polished, stopping on the first film...
Anti-accretion additives for drilling fluids
Additives for drilling fluids, in particular for water-based drilling fluids are described which when added to the fluid at levels of up to 10% weight by volume...
Method of forming self aligned contacts
A method is provided for forming a self aligned contact by etching an opening through a low doped or undoped dielectric layer such as phosphosilicate glass. The...
Method for forming a hardmask employing multiple independently formed
layers of a pecvd material to reduce pinholes
A bi-layer BARC/hardmask structure includes a layer of amorphous carbon and two or more distinct and independently formed layers of a PECVD material such as SiON...
Chemistry for etching quaternary interface layers on InGaAsP mostly formed
between GaAs and InxGa(1-x)P layers
A method is provided for etching quaternary interface layers of In.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x As.sub.y P.sub.1-y which are formed between layers of GaAs and InGaP in...
Matching cells for a battery pack
A battery pack having a first secondary cell and a second secondary cell, preferably of a non-aqueous chemistry, is described. Each secondary cell has a...
Chemistry for boron diffusion barrier layer and method of application in
semiconductor device fabrication
A method of fabricating a semiconductor device includes providing a semiconductor substrate, forming an oxide layer in the substrate, and adding nitrogen atoms...
A moisture detector is presented which uses the effects of moisture on the chemistry and electrical conductivity of drywall material. Conducting probes are...
Method and apparatus for high-resolution in-situ plasma etching of
inorganic and metals films
Method and apparatus for plasma etching both metal and inorganic dielectric layers in a single chamber during deep sub-micron semiconductor fabrication. Fluorine...
Method of nitrogen doping of fluorinated silicate glass (FSG) while
removing the photoresist layer
Embodiments of the present invention provide nitrogen doping of a fluorinated silicate glass (FSG) layer to improve adhesion between the nitrogen-containing FSG...
Methods of forming integrated circuitry, semiconductor processing methods,
and processing method of forming...
A method of forming integrated circuitry includes chemical vapor depositing a silicon carbide comprising layer over a substrate at a temperature of no greater...
Dry-wet-dry solvent-free process after stop layer etch in dual damascene
A new method is provided for the removal of polymer, possibly mixed with copper oxide residue, from exposed surfaces after an etch stop layer has been removed....
Enhancement of silicon oxide etch rate and nitride selectivity using
hexafluorobutadiene or other heavy...
A plasma etching process, particularly useful for selectively etching oxide over a feature having a non-oxide composition, such as silicon nitride and especially...
Electrochemical cell having an electrode of silver vanadium oxide coated to
a current collector
The invention is directed to an SVO electrochemical cell having high rate capability. The cathode is produced by coating a mixture of an active material,...
Self-assembled molecular color switch
A self-assembled molecular color switch is formed on a substrate and comprises coupled coaxial rotors and non-coaxial stators, with each rotor rotatably...
Thiourea and urea liquid-phase combinatorial libraries: synthesis and
This invention provides combinatorial chemistry libraries containing thiourea and urea compounds. In addition, the invention relates to methods for constructing...
Surface treatment of fluorinated contact lens materials
Hydrogen-plasma modification of a contact lens made from a fluorinated polymer reduces the surface chemistry of by removing fluorine, leaving behind a...
Method of forming ultrathin oxide layer
A method is disclosed for forming an ultrathin oxide layer of uniform thickness. The method is particularly advantageous for producing uniformly thin interfacial...
Method and system for sample aliquot storage
A method and system of sample aliquot storage for automated immunochemistry or chemistry instruments are provided. The method and system provide a sample aliquot...
Encoded molecular sieve particle-based sensors
A molecular sieve particle-based analytic chemistry system is disclosed in which populations of encoded molecular sieve particles carrying different chemical...
Process for fabricating continuously coated electrodes on a porous current
collector and cell designs...
The invention is directed to an electrochemical cell having at least one of its electrodes produced by coating a slurry mixture of an active material, possibly a...
Device for plasma incision of matter with a specifically tuned
radiofrequency electromagnetic field generator
A device to place an incision into matter with a harmonious plasma cloud. A radiofrequency generator system produces pulsed or continuous electromagnetic...
Resin derivatization method and uses thereof
This invention provides a method for producing a derivatized resin useful in the arts of solid-phase peptide synthesis, combinatorial chemistry, and peptide or...
Flash step preparatory to dielectric etch
A dielectric plasma etch method particularly useful for assuring that residue does not form in large open pad areas used for monitoring etching of narrow via and...
Method of producing structures using centrifugal forces
Hollow polymeric structures with unique morphologies are manufactured with a rotational spinning technique wherein phase separation of soluble solutions is...
Controlled fluid transport in microfabricated polymeric substrates
Microfluidic devices are provided for the performance of chemical and biochemical analyzes, syntheses and detection. The devices of the invention combine precise...